Initiated: October 11, 1911, Holland Lodge No. 8, New York City. Brother Roosevelt participated in the Raising of his son Elliott (1910-1990) on February 17, 1933, in Architect’s Lodge No. 519, also in New York City. He was present, but did not participate in the Degrees when two other sons, James (1907-1991) and Franklin D., Jr. (1914-1988) became Members of their brother Elliott’s Lodge, on November 7, 1935. Brother and President Roosevelt was made the first Honorary Grand Master of the Order of DeMolay on April 13, 1934 at the White House. Governor of New York, 1929-1933. (Sursa)
MARELE SIGILIU SCOS LA „LUMINĂ” DUPĂ 153 DE ANI (1782-1935)
DESIGNER: Edward M. Weeks, Bureau of Engraving and Printing
DATE: „Received by the Engraving Division June 26, 1935”
Henry Agard Wallace (October 7, 1888 – November 18, 1965) was the 33rd Vice President of the United States (1941–1945), the Secretary of Agriculture (1933–1940), and the Secretary of Commerce (1945–1946). Henry Wallace was a Freemason and attained the 32nd Degree in the Scottish Rite. In 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed Wallace United States Secretary of Agriculture in his Cabinet, a post his father, Henry Cantwell Wallace, had occupied from 1921 to 1924. Wallace had been a liberal Republican, but he supported Roosevelt’s New Deal and soon switched to the Democratic Party. Wallace served as Secretary of Agriculture until September 1940, when he resigned, having been nominated for Vice President as Roosevelt’s running mate in the 1940 presidential election.
“Wallace is among the most genuinely learned men in American public life since Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson.” – Paul Sifton
During the 1940 presidential election, a series of letters that Wallace had written in the 1930s to Nicholas Roerich was uncovered by the Republicans. Wallace addressed Roerich as „Dear Guru” and signed all of the letters as „G” for Galahad, the name Roerich had assigned him. Wallace assured Roerich that he awaited „the breaking of the New Day” when the people of „Northern Shambhalla” – a Buddhist term roughly equivalent to the kingdom of heaven – would create an era of peace and plenty. When asked about the letters, Wallace claimed they were forgeries. Wallace had been a devoted supporter of Roerich and his work from the middle 1920s. With the nod from Roosevelt, Wallace had lobbied Congress to support Roerich’s Banner and Pact of Peace which was signed in Washington, D.C. by delegates from 22 Latin American countries in 1935. Roerich and his son George were sent to Central Asia by the U.S. Department of Agriculture to search for drought-resistant grasses to prevent another Dust Bowl. But later, in his memoirs, Wallace tried to conceal his association with Roerich. In the winter of 1947, however, independent columnist Westbrook Pegler published extracts from the letters and promoted them thereafter as evidence that Wallace was not fit to be President.
Wallace was raised as a Presbyterian, but left that denomination early in life. He spent most of his early life exploring other religious faiths and traditions. For many years, he had been closely associated with famous Russian artist and writer Nicholas Roerich. According to Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., „Wallace’s search for inner light took him to strange prophets…. It was in this search that he encountered Nicholas Roerich, a Russian emigre, painter, theosophist. Wallace did Roerich a number of favors, including sending him on an expedition to Central Asia presumably to collect drought-resistant grasses. In due course, H.A. [Wallace] became disillusioned with Roerich and turned almost viciously against him.” Wallace eventually settled on Episcopalianism. (Sursa)
Nicholas Roerich, (October 9, 1874 – December 13, 1947) also known as Nikolai Konstantinovich Rerikh was a Russian painter and philosopher. Born in Saint Petersburg, Russia to the family of a well-to-do notary public, he lived around the world until his death in Punjab, India. Trained as an artist and a lawyer, his interests lay in literature, philosophy, archaeology and especially art. Roerich was a dedicated activist for the cause of preserving art and architecture in times of war. He earned several nominations for the Nobel Prize. The so-called Roerich Pact was signed into law by the United States and most member nations of the Pan-American Union in April 1935.
In 1929 Nicholas Roerich was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize by the University of Paris. He received two more nominations in 1932 and 1935. His concern for peace led to his creation of the Pax Cultura, the „Red Cross” of art and culture. His work in this area also led the United States and the twenty other members of the Pan-American Union to sign the Roerich Pact on April 15, 1935 at the White House. The Roerich Pact is an early international instrument protecting cultural property. Vice President of the United States Henry A. Wallace was a frequent correspondent and sometime follower of Roerich’s teachings. This became controversial when Wallace ran for President in 1948 and portions of the letters were printed by Hearst Newspapers columnist Westbrook Pegler. Today, the Nicholas Roerich Museum in New York City is a major center for Roerich’s artistic work. Numerous Roerich societies continue to promote his theosophical teachings worldwide. (Sursa)